Reporter: Zhang Huaishui edited: Chen Xu> < load data > >27 August, within The first Costco store opened in Minhang, Shanghai, and a "rush to buy" visual Chinese map < p> < span> how to better stimulate domestic demand and promote consumption? A wave of policy dividends is coming. On August 27, the General Office of the State Council issued Opinions on Accelerating the Development of Circulation and Promoting Commercial Consumption (hereinafter referred to as "Opinions"), proposing 20 ways to promote consumption, such as promoting the development of new circulation modes, transforming and upgrading commercial pedestrian streets, releasing the potential of automobile consumption, activating night commerce and market. Specific measures. Zhao Ping, Director of International Trade Research Department of China Association for the Promotion of Trade, told Daily Economic News that in the field of commodity consumption, consumers'individualized and diversified consumption demand does not match the structure of commodity supply. The aim of the state's multi-measures to promote consumption is to make efforts from the supply side to solve the problem of mismatch between supply and demand, and to explore and innovate the system for the transformation and upgrading of consumption. Guan Lixin, deputy director of Institute of Circulation and Consumption of Research Institute of Ministry of Commerce, said that in the first half of 2019, the proportion of service consumption in the final consumption expenditure of residents in China was 49.4% compared with that in developed countries, which accounted for about 60% of the total consumption expenditure. Growth space. With the development of China's strong domestic market and the increasing driving force of domestic demand, it is expected that the fundamental role of consumption in economic growth will be further consolidated in the second half of the year, and the final contribution rate of consumption to economic growth will remain at a high level of about 60%. Focusing on promoting consumption, , Opinion points out that the development of chain convenience stores will be accelerated and the intelligent and branded chain convenience stores will be incorporated into the construction of urban public service infrastructure system. Supporting local exploration of "one photo multiple access" registration for qualified brand chain enterprises. Pilot projects were carried out to simplify the procedures for examination and approval of the operation of tobacco and class B OTC drugs. Zhao Ping told reporters that the trial implementation of "one-photo multi-address" registration may turn the past branch registration into business place filing, thus greatly saving the time for enterprises to process business licenses and increasing the expansion speed of chain enterprises'network outlets. Peng Wenhao, deputy director of Shanghai Municipal Market Supervision Bureau, said that enterprises applying for business licenses of branch offices need to submit six documents, including registration applications, to the registration authorities, while "one-photo multiple access" simplifies the materials needed for business site filing into filing applications, legal use certificates of filing sites, and so on. Three copies of business license. While the application materials are halved, the processing time is also increased. < p> < span > gradually relax or cancel the car purchase restriction < span > Opinion points out that the car consumption potential should be released. In the areas where the restrictions on automobile purchases are implemented, specific measures to gradually relax or cancel the restrictions should be explored in light of the actual situation. Where conditions permit, active support will be given to the purchase of new energy vehicles.
Opinions also require that the circulation of used vehicles be promoted, the policy of abolishing the restriction on the relocation of used vehicles in an all-round way be further implemented, and the trading and circulation of used vehicles meeting the emission standards of used vehicles in key areas of air pollution prevention and control should be allowed in the province (city). For residents living in big cities like Beishengguang, the strict automobile purchase restriction policy is a pain point. According to the allocation rules, the quota of personal new energy minibuses in Beijing in 2019 is 54,000. This year's quota has been allocated in the mid-signature results of the first issue on February 25. Zhao Ping believes that the gradual relaxation or abolition of car purchase restrictions means, first of all, that it is impossible to implement one-size-fits-all measures, but step by step. On the other hand, since the purchase restrictions are gradually relaxed or cancelled, different cities may be classified and managed. "The document further highlights the important role of automobile consumption in leading consumption, and the role of automobile consumption should be emphasized in promoting the consumption process. But for cities like Beijing and Shanghai, it is unlikely that the purchase restriction policy will be abolished in the short term.
Create night consumption scenes and gathering areas
Opinions put forward that the main business circles and characteristic commercial streets should be encouraged to combine closely with culture, tourism and leisure, and the business hours should be prolonged appropriately, special night business zones, 24-hour convenience stores and special catering districts such as "late night cafeteria" should be opened. Conditional places can increase investment, create night consumption scenarios and agglomeration areas, improve night traffic, safety, environment and other supporting measures, improve night consumption convenience and activity. The Opinions on Further Stimulating Cultural and Tourism Consumption Potential, published last week, also pointed out that the market for night cultural performances should be enriched, night catering, shopping and performing services in cultural and tourist sites should be optimized, and 24-hour bookstores should be encouraged. By 2022, more than 200 national-level night cultural tourism consumption agglomeration areas will be built, and the consumption scale of night cultural tourism will continue to expand. Zhao Ping told Daily Economic News that vigorously developing night economy is to further release consumption potential. Night economy is the extension of the daily economy. As the daily consumption has maintained a steady and rapid growth trend, and the night economy objectively has huge consumption demand, the State encourages the development of night economy in order to expand the space for consumption growth and release the existing consumption potential objectively. Dai Bin, president of China Tourism Research Institute, also indicated that night tourism is a new research field of contemporary tourism development theory system, a new potential for the integration of cultural and tourism development needs, and a new policy direction for high-quality national and local development.
Daily Economic News